机型代码填写手册

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很多飞友在连线飞行,发送飞行计划,填写机型时,往往不知道如何正确填写机型代码,或者随意填写。


此文给大家详细讲解一下关于机型设备代码的有关说明,也请各位管制仔细阅读。


根据FAA美国联邦航管局7233-1号文件,ICAO国际民航组织4444号文件的规定,飞机代码一般由机型+设备后缀组成。


而在连线飞行时,你填写机型的时候可以考虑把相对的设备后缀代码加进去。

正确的飞行计划

FlightPlan Sample.jpg

这张截图来自VAT-SPY上的数据,很显然,这名飞行员正确填写了飞机机型


H为Heavy,包括B747, B777, B767, A340, A330, MD11 等机型 ,有关分类请看附录表


特别说明的是,只有机型为H,S(Super,A380)时,才要在机型前加代码,如H/744 H/773 等


而中型机,轻型机,是不需要填写的


Aircraft Type里面为H/B773/Q


H已经说过,重型机的意思,B773是波音777-300,而后面的代码Q,则是我们着重探讨的内容


我们现在还没有民航局对这方面的要求,但是以下是FAA对飞行计划的要求。也是在V网上填写飞机机型后面写的编码。不少现代民航客机拥有FMS、GNSS和RNAV装备,而在FS里面所有飞机也可以当作RVSM认证。


比如你飞的是塞斯纳182,配备基本VOR导航仪器和C模式应答机就是C182/A


如果飞机在计划里面设备代码没有说配备高级RNAV是不能飞RNAV进离港。


管制则要留意一下,如果一架B738/A (虽然没什么可能)向你申请放行,你也不可以给他发个RNAV 离港。

没有DME
/X 没有应答机
/T 有应答机,没有C模式
/U 有应答机,有C模式
有DME
/D 没有应答机
/B 有应答机,没有C模式
/A 有应答机,有C模式
只有TACAN
/M 没有应答机
/N 有应答机,没有C模式
/P 有应答机,有C模式
RNAV
/Y LORAN、VOR/DME 或 ILS,没有应答机
/C LORAN、VOR/DME 或 ILS,有应答机,没有C模式
/I LORAN、VOR/DME 或 ILS,有应答机,有C模式
进阶RNAV以及有C模式应答机
/E 飞行管理电脑(FMS)、DME/DME 和 IRU
位置报告
/F 飞行管理电脑(FMS)、DME/DME 位置报告
/G 全球卫星导航系统(GNSS)包括GPS以及WAAS
配备巡航和终端进近能力
/R 配备RNP,飞机能够航路上RNP 的要求
缩小最小垂直间隔(RVSM)
/J /E 加上RVSM认证
/K /F 加上RVSM认证
/L /G 加上RVSM认证
/Q /R 加上RVSM认证
/W RVSM认证

附录

MTOW = Maximum take-off weight, MLW = Maximum landing weight, TOR = Take-off run (SeaLevel, International Standard Atmosphere+15°, MTOW), LR = Landing run (SeaLevel, International Standard Atmosphere+15°, MTOW)

Type MTOW [pounds] MLW [metric tons] TOR [m] LR [m] ICAO category FAA category
Antonov An-225 1,410,958 591.7 3500 Heavy Super
Airbus A380-800F 1,300,000 427 Heavy Super
Airbus A380-800 1,200,000 391 2900 2050 Heavy Super
Boeing 747-8 987,000 306.175 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 747-400ER 910,000 295.742 3090 Heavy Heavy
Antonov An-124-100M 893,000 330 2520 900 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 747-400 875,000 295.742 3018 2179 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 747-200 833,000 285.764 3338 2109 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 747-300 833,000 260.37 3222 1905 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A340-500 820,000 240 3050 2010 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A340-600 810,000 256 3100 2100 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 777-300ER 775,000 251.29 3200 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 777F 766,800 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 777-200LR 766,000 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 747-100 735,000 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 777-300 660,000 237.683 3380 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A350-1000 679,000 233.5 Heavy Heavy
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 602,500 185 2990 1890 Heavy Heavy
Ilyushin Il-96M 595,000 195.04 3115 2118 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A350-900 591,000 175 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A340-200 558,968 205 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 777-200 545,000 208.66 2450 1550 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A350-800 571,000 193 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A340-300 610,000 186 3000 1926 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 787-9 553,000 193 Heavy Heavy
Lockheed L-1011-500 510,000 166.92 2636 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A330-300 467,460 185 2500 1750 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A330-200 507,150 180 2220 1750 Heavy Heavy
Lockheed L-1011-200 466,000 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 787-8 502,500 172 3300 1695 Heavy Heavy
Ilyushin IL-96-300 551,000 175 2600 1980 Heavy Heavy
Ilyushin IL-86 458,560 175 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 767-400ER 450,000 158.758 3414 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 767-300ER 412,000 136.08 2713 1676 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A300-600R 379,000 140 2385 1555 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A300-600 360,000 138 2324 1536 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A310-300 346,126 124 2290 1490 Heavy Heavy
The Concorde 408,000 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 767-300 350,000 136.078 2713 1676 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A310-200 312,342 123 1860 1480 Heavy Heavy
Airbus A400M 310,852 122 980 770 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 757-300 272,500 101.6 2550 1750 Medium Large
Tupolev Tu-154M 230,000 80 Medium Large
Boeing 757-200 255,000 89.9 2347 1555 Medium Large
Tupolev Tu-204SM 230,000 87.5 2250 Medium Large
Airbus A321-100 182,983 77.8 2200 1540 Medium Large
Boeing 737-900ER 187,700 71.35 2804 1829 Medium Large
Boeing 737-900 187,700 66.36 2500 1704 Medium Large
Boeing 737-800 174,200 65.32 2308 1634 Medium Large
Airbus A319 141,090 62.5 1850 1470 Medium Large
Airbus A320-100 149,940 66 1955 1490 Medium Large
McDonnell-Douglas MD-83 160,000 63.28 Medium Large
Boeing 737-700 154,500 58.06 1921 1415 Medium Large
McDonnell-Douglas MD-90-30 156,000 64.41 2165 1520 Medium Large
Airbus A318 130,071 57.5 1375 1340 Medium Large
Bombardier CS300 144,000 57.61 1890 1494    
Boeing 737-600 145,500 54.66 1796 1340 Medium Large
Boeing 737-400 149,710 54.9 2540 1540 Medium Large
Bombardier CS100 130,000 50.80 1463 1356    
Boeing 737-300 138,500 51.7 1939 1396 Medium Large
Boeing 717-200HGW 121,000 47.174 1950 Medium Large
Boeing 737-500 133,210 49.9 1832 1360 Medium Large
Embraer 190 105,359 43 2056 1323 Medium Large
Boeing 717-200BGW 110,000 46.265 1950 Medium Large
Fokker 100 101,000 39.95 Medium Large
Avro RJ-85 93,000 36.74 Medium Large
Embraer 175 79,300 32.8 1644 1274 Medium Large
Bombardier CRJ900 80,500 33.345 1778 1596 Medium Large
Bombardier CRJ700 72,750 30.39 1564 1478 Medium Large
Bombardier Q400 61,700 28.01 1219 1295 Medium Large
Saab 2000 50,265 21.5 1300 Medium Large
Bombardier CRJ200 51,000 21.319 1918 1479 Medium Large
Embraer ERJ 145 48,501 19.3 2270 1380 Medium Large
ATR 42-500 41,005 18.3 1165 1126 Medium Large
ATR 72-600 50,265 22.35 1333 914 Medium Large
Vickers Viscount 800 67,005 Medium Large
Douglas DC-4 73,000 Medium Large
Douglas DC-6 97,200 Medium Large
Douglas DC-6A 107,200 Medium Large
Douglas DC-6B 107,000 Medium Large
Douglas DC-7 122,000 Medium Large
Douglas DC-8-32 310,000 Heavy Heavy
Douglas DC-8-51 276,000 Medium Large
Douglas DC-8-61 325,000 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 377 148,000 Medium Large
Boeing 707-120B 257,000 Medium Large
Boeing 707-320B 333,600 Heavy Heavy
Boeing 720B 234,000 Medium Large
Boeing 727-100 170,000 Medium Large
Boeing 727-200 184,800 Medium Large
Hawker Siddeley Trident 2E 142,500 Medium Large
Caravelle III 101,413 Medium Large
de Havilland Comet 1 110,000 Medium Large
de Havilland Comet 2 120,000 Medium Large
de Havilland Comet 3 150,000 Medium Large
de Havilland Comet 4 156,000 Medium Large
de Havilland Hercules 15,600 Medium Small
Handley Page Hermes 86,000 Medium Large
Convair 880 193,000 Medium Large